An article about the real fairness and randomness involved in a coin toss circulated the net this week and it spoke to several things I’ve thought about, but had no method to actually prove.
The idea that a coin has a 50% chance of landing on either face seemed off to me. Most coins have more detail on one side and to achieve that detail, more of the coin must be stamped or removed. This changes the weight on one side and it also effects the aerodynamics. Truly, the only fair coin, I figured, would be one that’s smooth on both sides.
True randomness is actually hard to come by. Even the random number generators in programmes and video games aren’t completely random. Except for the most sophisticated, their outputs will show some predictability after a given amount of time.